Pain

The most well-known symptom of Parkinson’s disease is without a doubt the tremor. This is indeed the most visible manifestation and the most known among the general public. Pain is a less common symptom, but it also affects a large number of people, about one in three.

The pain can manifest itself in many ways. One of the most common is a discomfort in the legs or arms caused by the immobilization of this part of the body in an uncomfortable posture. This occurs during periods of rigidity, also called  off, while there is a lack of dopamine. Cramps are another manifestation that can be painful due to a lack of dopamine. These usually happen at night, while the action of the last doses of drugs is over. The pain can also be secondary to a repeated involuntary contraction of the muscles, called dystonia. This type of pain is usually related to periods when too much dopamine is available. This excess may be due to too much of a dopamine drug or Parkinson’s itself.

If the pain is caused by Parkinson’s disease, the medication used to relieve the other symptoms will usually be effective against it. On the other hand, if the pain is caused by the consequences of an excess of medication, a decrease in the dose can bring relief. Thus, the pain may be a sign that adjustment is required in the medication. It is recommended that you write down in a ‘diary’ the moments in which the pain appears, so as to guide your doctor in finding the causes and adjusting your medication.

Pain is therefore a symptom of frequent Parkinson’s disease that can be alleviated or at least alleviated. It must be remembered, however, that Parkinson’s disease is not the only possible source of pain and that this symptom may be due to another cause.